Rosacea is a chronic and inflammatory skin condition that commonly affects the nose, cheek and chin. Rosacea is commonly characterised by persistent facial redness, frequent flushing of the cheeks, small and visible red blood vessels on the surface of the skin, acne pustules and an enlarged red nose with thickened skin.

Rosacea is more likely to occur among females aged 30 to 50.

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What causes Rosacea?

The cause of rosacea is not known, but it is suspected to be due to an overactive immune system, heredity, environmental factors or a combination of any factors. We know that Rosacea is not because of poor hygiene and it is not contagious. Sometimes, flare-ups may be caused by:
  • Hot drinks and spicy foods 
  • Alcoholic drinks 
  • Extreme temperatures 
  • Sun or wind 
  • Being emotionally unstable 
  • Exercise 
  • Drugs that dilate blood vessels, such as some blood pressure medicines 
  • Some cosmetic, skin or hair care products.
If you have any other questions, please leave us a message anytime and we will be happy to answer them!

More about Rosacea

How can I tell if I have Rosacea?

People often mistake rosacea for acne or other skin conditions. Some signs and symptoms to look out for in rosacea are:

Frequent facial expressions

  • Facial blushing or flushing – There may be persistent blushing or flushing of the face in the central region. This sign may be harder to spot in darker skin.
  • Visible veins – Small blood vessels on the nose and cheeks may rupture and become visible, causing a symptom called spider veins.
  • Swollen bumps – Pimples that are sometimes filled with pus may form on your face if you have rosacea.
  • Burning sensations – The affected area may feel hot and tender – burning sensations are commonplace for rosacea
  • Eye problems – Those with rosacea may also experience dry, irritated or swollen eyes and eyelids, known as ocular rosacea. The eye symptoms could also appear before that of the skin symptoms.
  • Enlarged nose – Rosacea can thicken the skin on the nose with time, causing the nose to look bulbous (rhinophyma). This occurs more commonly in men than in women.

What are the types of Rosacea?

While there are 4 different types of rosacea, some people may experience symptoms of more than one type. They include:

1. Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea

This is characterised by persistent redness on the face. Small blood vessels underneath the skin may enlarge and become visible. These symptoms often flare up and then disappear. However, without treatment, the redness could be persistent for a longer period of time or cover a larger area, or even become permanent.

2. Papulopustular Rosacea

This is often associated with “whitehead” pustules. These pus-filled, red, swollen bumps usually appear on the cheeks, chin and forehead, and are often mistaken for acne. There may be facial redness and flushing too. Blemishes often appear and can persist for a long time on the scalp, neck or chest.

3. Phymatous Rosacea

This causes the skin to thicken and scar, which makes it bumpy, swollen and sometimes discoloured. It is rare but treatable, and usually affects the nose, resulting in a bulbous nose.

4. Ocular Rosacea

This type of rosacea affects the eyes, making them watery or bloodshot. There may be burning sensations or irritation of the eyes. It can cause persistently dry and sensitive eyes. Cysts may form on the eyelids too

How is Rosacea treatment done at The Artisan Clinic?


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